The preparation of detailed Physical planning for Kabeza Site, Kabeza Village, Kanzenze Cell and Ntarama Sector in Bugesera District, is based on consultations with stakeholders. Field information and topographic survey shown that the existing situation of houses and related services do not follow required standards. New designed plots indicate a great improvement as far as the existing living style of residents is concerned. Re-plotting took into consideration all surrounding infrastructures and waste disposal. As revealed by this project, re-plotting of the concerned village produced total parcels of 1309. These new plots represent residences where 908 plots are for single family residential and 188 Plots are for single family residential with one store while other 213 Plots remain as they are currently on the site. Other area of the site is designed for roads with 24 Km of the length of 12 and 9m of width, Commercial (Small market and off-core commercial area) with 1.24 ha, education and research with 1.13 ha, green space of 0.97 ha, health post with 0.5 ha, recreational area with 1.51 ha and five (5) existing houses are affected by the planned road. The project implementers and partners, particularly the local government units overseeing the project sites, should pay attention to the growing income disparity and the exclusion of the poorest from development process. This book will help policy makers to set the appropriate measures for minimizing negative impacts on the environment and approaches to boost the infrastructural development. It could also help other researchers in the time they are going to make their research on physical planning and its implementation using participation approach in different country.